CLAVICULAR OR HIGH BREATHING
In this type of breathing, you must attempt
to raise the collar-bones while the air is being inhaled.
Immobilize the abdominal muscles, in the
same way as you did when you were learning thoracic breathing, and keep
the hands upon the sides in the position described previously.
Now try to allow the air to enter by drawing
the collar-bones up towards the chin, without however raising the
shoulders, which will anyhow be almost impossible if the hands are kept
on the sides. You will feel air entering, but you will also be aware
that a very small quantity does so, despite a considerable greater
effort than involved in thoracic breathing.
This is the least efficient way of
breathing, but woman habitually do it. If you watch women breathing,
eight out of ten will show no signs of breathing other than a distinct
raising of the collar-bones, while their brooches or necklaces rise and
fall. This is a form of breathing also used by nervous subjects and
those suffering from a degree of debility or anxiety.
It is only useful or to be tolerated when it
is integrated onto complete yogic breathing, and only takes on meaning
when it is preceded by the other two phases of this breathing.